The importance of Korčula, also known as Korkyra

Main city gate, Korčula, Croatia, photo by www.croatia2go
Main city gate, Korčula, Croatia, photo by www.croatia2go

The Korčula island was under the Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Slavic rule but Greeks had the most significant influence on the culture. Lumbarda psephism, a fragment of the Greek inscription (4/3 BC), found in Lumbarda on Korčula, is one of the oldest written monuments in Croatia. It contains a conclusion of the Assembly governing the property relations of Greek settlers in Korčula and their relationship with the Illyrian population. Today it is kept in the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb.

Korčula, Croatia, Photo by Goran Ivos on Unsplash
Korčula, Croatia, Photo by Goran Ivos on Unsplash
When you go to Croatia – try to see Korčula, and bring your camera!
Korčula town, Korčula, Croatia, photo credit K2
Korčula town, Korčula, Croatia, photo credit K2

 

 

The town of Korčula, if viewed from afar looks like a fortress town resembling Dubrovnik so we could say it is like a small Dubrovnik with partially preserved city ramparts. The number of geographic, historical, and cultural features make this town one of the most prominent Croatian ancient cities. Venice was the first to occupy Korčula, and with the breaks and re-conquest of power, it left the most significant influence.

Korčula, Croatia, photo by croatia2go
Korčula, Croatia, photo by croatia2go

The most beautiful examples of Korčula’s residential architecture were created in the 15th and 16th centuries in a characteristic Gothic-Renaissance style, and most of the houses in the old city core contain the coats of arms of bishops, princes, and nobles. People from this area were engaged in stonemasonry and shipbuilding, and they’ve spread their knowledge around the world. Around the island of Korčula, numerous small islands have been used as quarries in history, and it is interesting that Dubrovnik is also built from Korčula stone. Stonemasons have established churches, palaces in Dubrovnik.

Marco Polo house, Back side, Korčula, Croatia, photo by Andreja Pruša Horvatić www.croatia2go.com
Marco Polo house, Back side, Korčula, Croatia, photo by Andreja Pruša Horvatić www.croatia2go.com

Ferry port of Korčula, Croatia, photo by croatia2go.com
Ferry port of Korčula, Croatia, photo by croatia2go.com

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