Croatian Intangible Heritage
In 2006, a list of the Croatian Intangible Heritage was added to the World Heritage List, such as oral tradition, art performance, social customs, rituals, festivals and other meaningful and recognizable customs.
Lacemaking in Croatia, dating back to the Renaissance, is traditional handwork of making lace with sewing. In Croatia, lacemaking was made by women in smaller rural areas, while in the rest of Europe it is most commonly associated with female church leaders, aristocracy, and nobility. Three main centers with a long tradition of Lacemaking in Croatia are Lepoglava, Pag, and Hvar.
Two-part Singing and Playing in the Istrian Scale is an intricate style of folk music that is most commonly associated with the area of Istria and the Croatian Littoral. In vocal music, characteristic color of tone is achieved by convincing singing, partly through the nose.
The festivity of St. Blaise, Patron Saint of Dubrovnik, based on the legend of St. Blaise who helped people in the defense against the attackers. The central event of the festivity is the long procession down the main Dubrovnik street, Stradun. Residents of the city and its surroundings, representatives of the Roman Catholic Church, other parts of Croatia and neighboring countries participate in this Festivity.
Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (Queens) from Gorjani, custom originates from the ancient times of the Slavs. In the spring girls from the village of Gorjani perform a ritual composed of particular songs and dances with sabers.
Annual Carnival Bell Ringers’ Paegant from the Kastav Area, groups of men visit local villages, and in long walks, along with cross-carrier traditional paths, they are dressed in sheepskin and wearing bells. Every year this starts at 17th of January and ends on Ash Wednesday when they burn a cartoon doll, and then they have joint dinner. Procession Za Križen (Following the Cross) on the Island of Hvar starts from six parish churches and each process cross-carrier who is carrying a cross that weights up to eighteen kilograms. It is a ritual of exceptional piety and cultural identity.
Traditional Manufacturing of Children’s Wooden Toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje, recognizable Croatian products with a long history. The mode of production has been passed from generation to generation. Every toy is different and unique because it is handwork made by man and painted by women from this area.
The Sinjska Alka, a knights’ tournament in Sinj is the only surviving example of medieval knight competition that was regularly held in Croatian coastal towns until the 19th century. Knight tournament is held annually in Sinj when knights ride on the horses through the main street trying to target the iron ring hanging on the rope.
Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia The art of making Gingerbread products in Croatia requires speed and skill and the recipe is the same for all manufacturers. Every craftsman decorates it specially, often with pictures, small mirrors and verses or messages. Gingerbread is the most recognizable and thus is considered a symbol of Croatian identity.
Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia is a form of a folk song of cheerful and vivid text favorite in Slavonia, Baranja, and Srijem. These are often humorous songs with various allegories and metaphors. Their purpose is to cheer the audience, and these songs are most often performed at weddings or similar celebrations.
Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland, a folk dance that is performed without music and this is called silent circle dance. The dancers with foot determine the rhythm and move around circular. Dance is mostly performed in Zagora.
Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia is traditional Croatian vocal music without the accompaniment of music originating from the south of Croatia. Klapa multipart singing is one of the most recognizable autochthonous Croatian musical expressions.
Last but not least intangible heritage is Mediterranean Diet. We are not just talking about diet because it is also a description of the life of the community, and connection with nature and the natural sources of food. The great interest in the nutrition of Croatian Adriatic, its coast, islands, and part of the hinterland has resulted in the spread of cultural identity and the spread of social awareness of traditional values. The Mediterranean diet mostly contains olive oil, cereals, fresh or dried vegetables, fish, various spices followed by wine.